Democracy projects

Systems Oriented Design- Design for Democracy

There have been two worrying trends developing over the last decade or so. The first is that newspapers and journalistic organizations have been continuously financial challenges as the landscape and habits of media consumption are changing rapidly due to digitalization. The second trend that is far more worrying is that the trust and stability of democracies all over the world is ona constant decline. In order for democracies to stay healthy there must be easy access to accurate informa-tion as well as engagement and participation among the citizens. As journalistic institutions and outlets struggle to stay affloat as businesses these two trends compound and accelerate. All journalistic outlets now must adapt and innovate rapidly in order to not only survive but to evolve to operate in this new paradigm.
This project focuses on the efforts and vision of one news organization, Dagens Næringsliv (DN), as they look to adapt and innovate. Through the use of Systems Oriented Design methodoligies and practice, a systematic scope of the organization and the general landscape of the situation is explored. Understanding the vision, mission, and efforts of DN for the future and mapping them in a systematic diagram helps their connection and contribution to democracy become more apparent. A strategy or synergy map is one of the major outcomes of this project. This strategy map is a visual roadmap to a wide network of opportunities for combining projects and efforts to discover innovations in engagement of the readers of DN, prospective subscribers, and the general public. Several new concepts for reader engagement projects and digital products are also proposed in this project.

 

Arotin Hartounian 2018

 

 


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The necessary points of view

Image for prices ANTHONY web

In partnership with Dagens Næringsliv, The main Norwegian business newspaper, this project surrounded us with the imposing question of how to tie together democracy & news. 

Democracy by itself is a daunting term, that many believe to have a grasp on. However when looking at the current state of the world, democracy is a rising topic that demands a high level of importance.
By simply observing the environment, its obvious more and more people are being segmented. Opinions, and points of view are becoming clouded, by biased news stories, and clever wording.

This observation, drove the project into the concept of, giving naturally opposed sides, a glimpse into the other's world.
By doing this the hope is that the clouded nature surrounding divisive topics becomes clearer. Allowing people to start talking about these stories with the respective under­standing from multiple sides.

 

Anthony Saul Lopez 2018

 


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Norwegian Government Map

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Democracy has to me allways been one of those words you kind of know the meaning of, but really not.
The definition is straight forward, but how the government really is made up, why beauraucracy is needed, how people across different diciplines manage to work together, why all those people cashing their monthly paycheck from the government deserves to do so or if they really do is of such a complex undertaking that it’s easier not taking the time and effort doing it.

The average norwegian hopefully knows that the Solberg Cabinet leads the council of state and that Jonas Gahr Støre is the leader of the labour-party, which is the countries largest. That Frostating is the name of one of the Norwegian second-tier courts. Or that there are 18 administrative divisions in Norway, from Finn-mark in the North to the to Agder-divisions in the south. But how the inner workings of the govern-ment is REALLY laid out, few lay men know.
In this course and during this semester I have tried to work with this complexity, building a framework to better understand this beast that is norwegian beureaucracy.

Jens Boksaspen 2018

 


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Stories of the Future

SOD Lieke van Raan Gigamap small

 

A shift in mindset
Today's individualistic and consumer culture, as well as the industries and government focussed on economic growth, cause waste, pollution and overuse of natural resources, leading to climate change.The exact cause of climate change and other environmental and social problems is complicated and not due to one actor. We relate to this crises with the same mental framework and habits that contributed to the making of this crises. Therefore a change in the way we think about sustainability is needed: a shift from focus on individualistic well-being to collective well-being, with respect for nature and unborn generations.

Short-termism
On a more concrete level we can say that the government has a lot of power to stimulate a sustainable society, by regulating the industries and making it easier for citizens to live sustainable. But the short-termism of our democracy goes against a sustainable future. For this, the politicians need to work on a long term vision and the voters need a longterm focus when they decide who to vote for during the elections.

Conversations
To work towards a more sustainable future, a longterm focus and a change of mindset at both the citizens, the industry and the politicians side is needed.Conversations about sustainability and the future of the planet needs to be stimulated, to strengthen democracy and on the long run contribute to the change of mindset.

Platform
This project proposes a platform called ‘Face the future’, to prepare citizens for the upcoming parliamentary elections.

Stories about the future
The platform will give citizens an idea what the world could look like in 30 years, when, hypothetically, one of the nine Norwegian political parties would run the country. Stories about the future are told in form of a podcast serie, a virtual reality experience and a movie,which also works as a political preference test.

Effect
It will make a stand against the short term focussed debates and campaigns where lot of people base their vote on, and stimulate citizens and politicians to think more long term by experiencing and discussing the future world.

Lieke van Raan 2018

 


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Gentrification 2.0

Final Gigamap palakdudani small

 

GENTRIFICATION 2.0GENTRIFICATION 2.0

Bridging homeownership gap between citizens

by Palak Dudani

In changing urban spaces, what represents the status quo? Who gets to decide thedirection of change and what are the invisible forces influencing the rights of theurban citizen to their city?

The project starts with looking at instances and lived experiences of change in OsloCity, later exploring the phenomenon of gentrification as a practical example ofurban change. Using a systemic approach, the project uncovers embedded biases.Norwegian policies are egalitarian and accommodating however the systemic forces seem to contribute to increasing advantage for one group while exacerbating the existing disadvantage for another. While working class displacement seems like ashort term effect, long term impact suggests poverty trap across racial lines. Using leverage point analysis, the project identifies an intervention area and imagines desirable scenarios. Suggesting local bodies as stakeholders, the project proposes a lottery service with a twist - by making it exclusive for and giving advantage to a historically excluded and disadvantaged citizen group.

This is a discursive project which uses systemic approach to analyse and propose a feasible service concept with a flipped status quo. In the long term, the ‘service concept’ seeks to reduce the negative systemic effects and reinforce the egalitarian Norwegian domestic culture through improved living conditions. At the same time,in an everyday timescale it also exists as a means to create conditions for debate and discussions among citizens for whom the systemic urban inequalities may notbe very evident. ‘To design’ is a political act and the project contributes to the ongoing conversation around democracy by also inviting designers to investigate the inherent power dynamics present in systems, to acknowledge the custodians of status quo as part of their design work and reflect on their role as a change agentsin today’s day and age.

Palak Dudani

2018

 


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News Understandings

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News Understandings

An explorative project on how to enable different understandingsin news articles 

All trends point to more personalize experiences, and the news media industry is not the exception. But high personalisation has had an impact on the content we have access to. People get what they want but are less confronted with the facts they are not interested in. So, how can news media outlets be part of the moving trends without falling into creating more filter bubbles to their readers?

New[s] Understandings is an explorative project developed in collaboration with the Norwegian newspaper Dagens Næringsliv. Based on an explorative and systemic approach, the project works on how to enable new understandings of information.

By this, the project proposes a shift in the way we conceive digital news articles and understand them as part of a system of information. Through a more explorative navigation, readers will be exposed to other articles, helping them understand different angles of an issue, contributing in creating a more integral vision.

Paulina Buvinic 2018

 


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Design for Democracy

Final Giga map Wnag Chenxing small

DESIGN FORDESIGN FORDEMOCRACY

Through the lens of architecture and built environtment

Open source cooperative platform and Open house archive are the collaborative, open-source platform bringing together public citizens to be aware of the relationship between democracy and built environment and its repercussions for citizenship,architectural practice and policy making.

Based on the literature reviews, experts and stakeholders interviews, two conceptual approaches (topdown)and (bottom-up) for design interventions were developed: Open Source participatory design, expand the whole lifespan of the built environment. Using two insights, a series of ideas were conceptualised and analysed for the systemic scope and implications. Open Source Cooperative Platform as a toolkit and Open House Archive as a concept with levels of systemic impact represent the two directions of implementation.

Wang Chenxing

2018

 


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Wall of Ideas

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The Wall of Ideas

by Tallaat Haddad

The problem as defined by the Group EVP of Gjensidige Forsikring ASA Ms. Hege Ask; are the siloes between the departments, and that Gjensidige
needs to be more agile and less hierarchical.
By understanding the reasons through interviews and facilitating a workshop with the employees from different departments, I found that the information collected from the different departments are not shared with the rest of the company, also that there was a feeling of frustration within the employees because they feel their voices are not being heard. Inspired by my background in art and industrial design, I’ve chosen a totally new and innovative way for communication, by building an installation art that displays the employees ideas in all of Gjensidige’s offices around Norway and the world, breaking the silos created by departments tasks

 

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Virtual Democracy

 

Renee GIGAMAP small

 

 

Virtual Democracy

by Renee Melgård

Democracy is when citizens participate actively in important political decision-making processes and have equal rights to participate. In Norway we have something called representative democracy, which means that everyone has the opportunity to vote for a party and a representative through the parliamentary elections every four years. All are allowed to voice their opinions and disagree if something feels wrong. It may seem as a matter of course for those raised in such a country, but imagine just 100 years ago, women in Norway did not have this right, which is 50% of the population. Despite the fact that much has happened these years, one can still discuss whether certain groups and environments are still exposed to democratic violations. The area I have looked at is workplace democracy.

 

 

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Designing for Democracy

 

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Designing for Democracy

by Thiago Freitas

 

This project speculates about new and improved ways in which the UDI (The Norwegian Directorate for Immigration) can work like in the future, with the goal of

strengthening workplace democracy. The complexity in which the organization operates was made tangible by a process of collaborative gigamapping and by carrying out field and desktop research. The context in which the UDI is immersed in was then mapped in detail, revealing an organisation that is much influenced by the outside and with little capacity to influence it’s surroundings. By employing tools such as Dune & Rabby’s PPPP, ZIP Analysis and Systemic Impact and Threshold Analysis, a design concept was selected for it’s extensive ripple effect and relative ease of development and adoption, while also questioning established and disfunctional practices in the UDI. A service design concept is proposed as an method to discuss public management and political influence on public services.

 

 

 

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Gjensidige Exchange

  Kevin Simmons Gjensidige Exchange Gigamap small

 

Gjensidige Exchange

by Kevin Simmons

Gjensidige Exchange is a System Oriented Design proposal for a democratic communication platform inside Gjensidige Insurance, Norways biggest insurance company. Facing a world moving towards digitalization, and changing customer expectations, Gjensidige must quickly evolve to meet market demands.

A democratic approach to the workplace is seen as a potential asset for large, aging organizations bound to rigid hierarchies. A collaborative tool which empowers employees to permeate silos and proactively solve complex issues is the premise on which Gjensidige Exchange was built.
System Oriented Design provides a toolkit for managing complexity. Throughout this course, there were challenges regarding organizational transparency, and the threat of complexity for complexity’s sake.
However, designers are adaptive, and the process of ideation, iteration and critique has led to Gjensidige Exchange, an opportunity for Gjensidige Insurance to improve, motivate, and learn visually from change.

 

 

 

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UDI Cloud

A PERSONAL STORY:

by Niloufar Gharavi

In the first phase, in particular, it intends to investigate how a schooling and mentoring system could be implemented in the camps during the waiting time, to develop the inhabitants’ competences or
teach them new skills based on both their will and the working market (both Norwegian and global).
By this phase, we would like to see if this approach could change the perspective of being a needy refugee to an actual person with skills which arms them with both a portfolio/CV to present and self-confidence, providing infrastructure for their next move regardless of the answer they will get.
So if they get a “Yes”, they will have an offcial portfolio to deliver which facilitates their way of employability in the host country. Or by getting a “No”, they have already developed skills to build their next steps upon, either by going back to their countries for building their lives, or moving somewhere else to continue the journey.

 

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Kommunen

Alfred Clatworthy Holmen

This project is a bout "Gjestebud" a concept for involvement tested in several municipalities in Norway. It involves citicen who get a discussion challenge from the municipalities. Then they invite friends and neigbours to discuss the issue. Gjestebud is a method for involving citizens into municipal processes. 

 

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Presentation

  

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Final Report 

  

Future Fest

Christopher Pearsell-Ross

Design for Democracy, Systems Oriented Design 2016

Oslo School of Architecture and Design

Collaborator: The Municipality of Tønsberg

Future Fest is a collaborative, open-platform festival bringing together members of the public with cultural, institutional and municipal partners to reconceptualise the culture of participation around the built environment and municipal planning process. Using 3 conceptual models (the three horizons, the pace layers, and a model of deliberative democracy) a research agenda was set focused on the democracy and the urban planning process. Based on site visits, literature reviews and semi-structured interviews, 5 key priorites for a design intervention were developed: communication, trust, knowledge, capacity and accountability/efficiency. Using these prioties as design goals, a series of interventions were ideated and analysed for their systemic implications, feasability and scope. Future Fest emerged as a concept with high levels of systemic impact and low barriers to implementation.

 

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Folketråkk

Marie Løken

Design for Democracy, Systems Oriented Design 2016

Oslo School of Architecture and Design

Partner: Doga, Ingvil Aarholt Hegna

The semester’s topics has been design for democracy. People tend to forget that democracy is more than just voting. Democracy is also about participation. Participation through dialogue, debate, and discussion in an effort to solve problems in the community. The aim has therefore been to increase participation. My focus has been on participation within urban planning. I have been collaborating with Doga, the project owner of Folketråkk. Folketråkk is a project that is based on an existing participation tool for children, called Barnetråkk. Folketråkk shall become a tool where people of all ages can contribute into municipal planning in a new way.

My project started with getting an overview of the context of participation and Folketråkk. It has been important for me to figure out how Folketråkk could be an easy and attractive tool to use. I have therefore been in regular contact with relevant actors and users. As well as gaining knowledge about motivation, behaviours and participation. In my meetings with Tønsberg municipality I learned that the ones that participate the least are the young. I have therefore focused on reaching them through a digital platform that are easy to use.

 

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Design for Democracy: Make Democracy Great Again

Aslak Sødal

Design for Democracy, Systems Oriented Design 2016

Oslo School of Architecture and Design

Collaborator: The Municipality of Tønsberg

How can we enable more people to keep up and stay engaged with what’s happening in their local communities, both politically and culturally?

Democracy isn’t just about voting. It’s about everything that has anything to do with protecting the best interests of the people, no matter what is their race, their gender political opinion or religion. These interests can be human rights, quality of life, infrastructure, or many more.

Participation is a key component for a democracy to work. We vote, we go to hearings, and we give feedback to the government about how we want our societies to work and function. All of these things are part of our participation with society.

However, there are challenges with the dependency our democracy has on participation. People can loose sight of whats important, they can forget to join in on discussions, or they might not care. If everyone drops out, participation ceases, and this poses a risk to democracy.

This project is based on the thesis claiming: “Knowing more about what is going on around you, increases your overall engagement in it and ultimately leads you to more participative activity.”

The aim of this project is to increase the information available to all inhabitants, and in doing so increasing participation.

Throughout the project, both in the mapping- and the design-phase, it has been important for me to look as broadly as possible on the different solutions, and at the field it is set within.

Researching as broadly as possible, and not limiting it to early has been important to the project but also a big challenge. In the end, it has led to some interesting discoveries that later guided further mapping and understanding and ultimately influencing the final design solution..

The final solution is a digital service, focusing on simplifying and making available the existing information and knowledge about what is happening and going on in the local society.

 

 

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A Part of the Whole

Marthe Christensen

Design for Democracy, Systems Oriented Design 2016

Oslo School of Architecture and Design

Collaborator: The Municipality of Tønsberg

 

Tønsberg is a municipality and a city in Norway. This city has been inhabited since the middle ages and is often considered to be Norways oldest city and has a rich cultural history with many archaeological findings. Today Tønsberg has a population of over 40 000 people. I was interested in the culture in Tønsberg. What made a good city? And what are det decision processes around public art.

Can art be part of a place Identity? It made me think of the planned Utøya memorial, in which the local inhabitants of Hole municipality is going to court to stop the process. Worst case scenario is that what was suppose to be a positive marking of the aftermath of a tragic event, is in risk of becoming a negative identity of the place. There was important to be aware of the different interests in a public space. I dividedthem into three categories:

 

The citizen

The municipality

The artist

 

Inspired by Nancy Duarte I established a Value Network and gave these three roles:

 

The Influencer

The Resourceful

The innovator

 

Focusing in this project on the influencer role, I created a toolkit for the municipality to gather valuable local insights from the citizens, to analyse and implement or to breach oneself to challenge the place identity in the city your are innovating and changing. This role I defined as being competent on art and innovation, but also the aware of the local identity.

My design is a new role in the municipality to manage the challenges and preservation of established place identity, but also being able to manage the importance of innovation and the municipal culture. The role comes with a toolkit to help gather insights and analyse to use local experiences to make knowledge based decisions.

 

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A Bridge Between People

Designing for the emergence of new connections between elderlies & youth

Simón Sandoval Guzmán

Design for Democracy, Systems Oriented Design 2016

Oslo School of Architecture and Design

Collaborator: The Municipality of Tønsberg

 

In partnership with the Municipality of Tønsberg, Træleborg senior center and Færder Videregående skole in Tønsberg, the project tested out a process to facilitate conversations between elderlies living at Træleborg Senior Center & youth studying at Færder skole. Afterwards, this process was designed and shaped as a program: a process of 3 workshops to facilitate the emergence of new connections between groups of elderlies living in senior centers and youth studying in high schools. This process aims to make them aware of each other to finally create and envision together how they could be more connected in the future in order to contribute with each other.

By this, the project explores how by making new connections between different groups of people we can enhance awareness and empathy with each other, and by this, give a small step towards the shaping of a more democratic culture.

 

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How to Practice the Culture of Empathy?

Melina Hozhabri

Design for Democracy, Systems Oriented Design 2016

Oslo School of Architecture and Design

Collaborator: The Municipality of Tønsberg

 

All men and women are to each other

the limbs of a single body, each of us drawn

from life’s shimmering essence, God’s perfect pearl;

and when this life we share wounds one of us,

all share the hurt as if it were our own.

You, who will not feel another’s pain,

you forfeit the right to be called human.

 

A Quote by Saadi Shirazi

 

This project is a process orientated effort in developing, or perhaps, protecting a democratic process. It is contributing to the problem of participation in democratic societies by raising our awareness on differences and challenges within the societal constructs. It tries to open discussions on the role of individual’s self-awareness to their feelings and presence in time and space that results in a higher understanding of the collective societal body and extends the limits of tolerance and acceptance in the society by empowering the notion of equality among citizens. This approach also allows individuals to reflect back on their forgotten, or ignored, humanistic values and characteristics that can strengthen equality and respect towards others in the society.

 

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