Development Projects


H seif

(Picture courtesy H-SEIF project 2017)


H-SEIF is a research project that aims at developing new methods for Human Sentered Systems Engineering.

H-SEIF stands for Human Systems Engineering Framework.

The project is initiated by the University College of Southeast Norway (USN) adn SEMCON. The research partners are USN, AHO and NTNU. In addition there are multiple industrial partners with SEMCON leading the project.

Overview of publications in the H-seif project

[1] Halvor Røed Jensen and Adam Balfour. 2019. Interactive Knowledge Architecture An intuitive tool for effective knowledge sharing. INCOSE Int. Symp. 2019 (2019).

[2] Marianne Kjørstad and Kristin Falk. 2018. A Systems Engineering Assessment of Emergency Disconnect System from the User Perspective. INCOSE Int. Symp. 2018 28, 1 (2018), 1078–1092. DOI:

[3] Marianne Kjørstad and Kristin Falk. 2019. Innovating in the Offshore Sector ; Applying Systems Thinking for Decision-Making in the Fuzzy Front End. INCOSE Hum. Syst. Integr. 2019 (2019).

[4] Marianne Kjørstad, Kristin Falk, Gerrit Muller, and José Pinto. 2019. Early Validation of User Needs in Concept Development: A Case Study in an Innovation-Oriented Consultancy. Int. Hum. Syst. Eng. Des. Conf. 2018 876, (2019), 54–60. DOI:

[5] Gerrit Muller, Kristin Falk, and Marianne Kjørstad. 2019. Chapter 13: Systemic Innovation. In Evolving Toolbox for Complex Project Management, Leonie Kay Hallo, Alex Gorod, Vernon Ireland and Indra Gunawan (eds.).

[6] José Pinto, Kristin Falk, and Marianne Kjørstad. 2019. Inclusion of human values in the specification of systems : bridging design and systems engineering. INCOSE Int. Symp. 2019 (2019).

[7] Nina Marie Sjøkvist and Marianne Kjørstad. 2019. Eliciting Human Values by Applying Design Thinking Techniques in Systems Engineering. INCOSE Int. Symp. 2019 (2019).

[8] Andreas Wettre, Birger Sevaldson, Palak Dudani. 2019. Bridging Silos. A new workshop method for bridging silos. Relating Systems Thinking and Design (RSD8) Symposium 2019

[9] Roselie Beate Vanebo and Marianne Kjørstad. 2020. An Interactive Tool for Collaboration and Knowledge Sharing of Customer Needs in the Conceptual Phase. INCOSE International Symposium. Vol. 30. No. 1. 2020.

[10] Malin Guntveit, Marianne Kjørstad, and Birger Sevaldson. 2020. Early Validation of Stakeholder Needs by Applying Co‐creation Sessions. INCOSE International Symposium. Vol. 30. No. 1. 2020.

[11] Marianne Kjørstad, Kristin Falk, and Gerrit Muller. 2020. Exploring a co-creative problem solving toolbox in the context of Norwegian high-tech industry." IEEE Systems Journal (2020).

[12] Marianne Kjørstad, Mo Mansouri, Gerrit Muller, and Svein Kjenner. 2019. Systems Thinking for Early Validation of User Needs in the Front End of Innovation; a Case Study in an Offshore SoS. 2019 14th Annual Conference System of Systems Engineering (SoSE). IEEE, 2019.

[13] Runar Tunheim Aarsheim, Kristin Falk, and Svein Kjenner. 2020. Electing User Needs Related to Human Values through Illustrative ConOps‐a new‐energy case study. INCOSE International Symposium. Vol. 30. No. 1. 2020.

[14] Palak Dudani. 2020, Complex Systems: Breakthrough Innovations Through People The H-SEIF project booklet. University of South-Eastern Norway no. 50, 2020. Available on: USN Open Archive: Complex Systems: Breakthrough Innovations Through People The H-SEIF project booklet, ISSN: 2535-5325 (online), ISBN: 978-82-7860-442-7 (online), ISBN: 978-82-7860-444-1 (print)


Other diseminations

• Kjørstad, Marianne; Falk, Kristin.
A Systems Engineering Assessment of Emergency Disconnect System from the User Perspective. INOCSE International Symposium 2018; 2018-07-07 - 2018-07-12
USN (presenter Marianne Kjørstad)

• Kjørstad, Marianne; Falk, Kristin; Muller, Gerrit; Pinto, José.
Early Validation of User Needs in Concept Development: A Case Study in an Innovation-Oriented Consultancy. International Human Systems Engineering and Design Conference 2018; 2018-10-25 - 2018-10-27
USN (presenter Marianne Kjørstad)

Steinar Steinkopf Sund. 2019. Forskerne vil lære hvordan teknologi pluss empati gir mer effektive prosesser, Teknisk Ukeblad, viewed 23 November 2020, < >

Jan-Henrik Kulberg. 2019. Masterstudenter spurte ingeniører om følelser. University of South-Eastern Norway, viewed 23 November 2020 <>

Vil ha følelser inn i teknologien. 2019. University of South-Eastern Norway, viewed 23 November 2020 <>




Development project

Library for young people

With Sandefjord and Horten Libraries and Vestfold county

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Four workshops to help the groups to develop activities at the libraries. The group of youngsters participating where largely in charge of the content of the programs they designed. The co-design settings were with mixed groups of different employees and youngsters from different adjacent high schools.

The SOD team did teach the methodology for exploring possibilities and to rank them according to realistic activities and events.

Risk Management in S.O.D.

Investigating the implementation of Risk management in Systems Oriented Design.

This development project is done in collaboration with Magnus Bjelkerud.


Magnus Bjelkerud

Magnus Bjelkerud's educational background is from NTNU (Trondheim, Norway) where he studied transport communications. He also holds a Master of Management from BI (Oslo, Norway). Magnus has a varied professional background. At the moment he is working as market coordinator within safety at Norconsult. Prior to this he has worked as a researcher at SINTEF and as a senior consultant at Det Norske Veritas AS. This has given him a broad experience in the field of risk management and safety within the industries aviation, oil&gas, road, rail and the public sector. In his lectures, the participants will learn how to think risk and also be able to perform a risk analysis on their own. The generic steps of a risk analysis will be instructed in detail and made practical. Also, the participants will learn to understand why humans make mistakes, how risk can be reduced and how risk can be managed to obtain an acceptable level of risk. The lectures are supported by international standards and research work within risk and safety.


Examples of RIsk analyses implemented by master students


 Christian v_hanno_safety_risk


Christian von Hanno


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Maren Moe Stokke and Kathinka Magnus

Systemic Approach to Architectural Performance

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Project Leader: Marie Davidova

PhD candidate, University of Liberec

contact: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Systemic Approach to Architectural Performance is fusion of process-based fields formally initiated by integration of Systems Oriented Design and Performance Oriented Architecture. It develops methodology and generates theory through experimental practice.

SAAP involves Time Based Eco-Systemic Co-Design that involves both, biotic and abiotic agents, including humans.

Follow us at:

The Field involves various interrelated case studies:

Wood as a Primary Medium to Eco-Systemic Performance: A Case Study in Systemic Approach to Architectural Performance

The present research considers wood as a study material for a wider question on architecture’s environmental interaction. It aims to explore its potential for eco-systemic performances and atmospheres  as well as to broaden the discussion on this problem area by accessing the public space and professional practice calls. My project researches such interactions through practical experiments as well as theoretical reflections, including examinations of other scientific, design, artistic and crafts disciplines. It honestly discusses the successes as well as the failures and weak points to develop a strong background for eco-systemic collaborative design-research practice.


The methodology Research by Design while full scale prototyping is covered by the Systems Oriented Design to interpret and develop complex environmental relations. While doing so, this work also claims develop the methodology itself and to generate theory through experimental practice. The fusion of these process based fields led to the ratification of new design field: Systemic Approach to Architectural Performance.




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Figure 1: Davidová: Environment Responsive Screen GIGA-map, Showing Transdisciplinary Relations within the Project, Research by Design GIGA-Map (Davidová 2013 – images from Forest Products Laboratory, 2010; Hoadley, 1980; Menges, 2009; Němec, 2005; Tolasz & Coll., 2007 or photographed by the author, used with the courtesy of USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Taunton Pres, Achim Menges, Grada and Tolasz) – please, zoom in at Systems Oriented Design’s Giga-Mapping Gallery (Sevaldson, 2017a)


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Figure 2: LOOP Pavilion Design-Research Process GIGA-map as a Result of Transdisciplinary Studio Course[1] (administrator of the map and photo: Pokorný 2014) – For high resolution image see Systems Oriented Design web site (Sevaldson, 2016b) or RSD5 proceedings (Davidová, 2016d)


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Figure 3: LOOP Pavilion GIGA-map as a Result of Transdisciplinary Studio Course (administrators of the map: Hrušová & Pokorný 2014) – For high resolution image see Systems Oriented Design web site (Sevaldson, 2016b) or RSD5 proceedings (Davidová, 2016h)

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Figure 4: Davidová: GIGA-Map of Design’s Boundary Conditions in Relation to Both, Abiotic and Biotic, Including Social, Environmental Interactions, Mapping the Spaces Organized from Fully Open to Almost Closed 2016 – please, zoom in at SAAP blog or in RSD5 proceedings (Davidová, 2016a, 2016c)

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Figure 5: Davidová: GIGA-mapping Svalgangs 2016 (the map of Norway is a public source from: Central Intelligence Agency: the macro climatic diagrams are used with the courtesy of reached at yr, 2016) – please, zoom in at SAAP blog or in RSD5 proceedings (Davidová, 2016a, 2016e)


Related Published Work:












Bio-Climatic Layers of Built Environment: Exploring Environmental Dimensions

To design in relation with light, sound, wind, weather or stars position, politics, etc. has been common throughout the architectural history (Davidová, 2009) . This also involves other biotic factors (M. Hensel & Turko, 2015; M. U. Hensel, 2011) - flora, fauna, etc. Layering of different climatic spaces, ranging from spaces insulated by ground and green roofs to permeable screens of semi-interior spaces, has been common in traditional architectures across the continents and climates (Vegas, Mileto, Cristini, & Checa, 2014; Vegas, Mileto, Songel, & Noguera, 2014) , most common in the extreme ones (Davidová, 2016) . Today, governments across the world, such as Czechia, Norway, Turkey, Canada or US (Czech Republic Ministry of the Environment & Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, 2015; Flæte et al., 2010; Republic of Turkey Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, 2012; Richardson, 2010; U.S.Department of State, 2014) , are releasing strategies for climatic adaptations. The changes in society and technology are equally fast. It seems to be certainly overlooked fact, that our architectures can learn from traditional examples of more extreme climates and society changes, that have already adapted to these fluctuations over generations. The research seeks to analyse such human, as well as non-human spaces and search for their application in today built environment. This will be done through onsite measures and registering, GIGA-mapping (Bjørndal Skjelten, 2014; Davidová, 2014, 2016, Sevaldson, 2011, 2015, 2016) , workshops and university teaching and implications to my practice and NGO, Collaborative Collective (Collaborative Collective, 2016; Davidová, 2013) . The methodology covers transdisciplinary “Research by Design”, joining academy, NGO and practice with the focus on Systems Oriented Design and should propose new applications of traits in Performance Oriented Design (M. U. Hensel, 2012, 2015) to practice.

Sub-Projects Sites:
GIGA-map and Time Line:
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Figure 6: GIGA-mapping of Performance of Cappadocian Caves and Underground City (map by Davidová 2016, images of caves by Davidová 2016, Turkey map of Köppen climate classification has been used under creative common licence (Zifan 2016), Map of Cappacocia has been used under creative common licence (Dörrbecker 2009), Climate and Temperature Diagrams used from with expired copyright in 2015 ( 2015b; 2015a), Climate Zones Rainfall in Turkey map used with the courtesy of Fanack (Fanack 2016))

historical cappacocia

Figure 7 : Time Line of Historical Development of Cappadocia (Uygan 2016, photos: Davidová 2016 and Elelicht 2007, information source: Akyürek, 1998; Görmez, 2002; Gülyaz, 1998; Gürler, 2007; Nevşehir, 1998; Okuyucu, 2007; Ötüken, 1987; Sözen, 1998)


Related Published Work:



GIGA-Mapping the Architectural Performance: Appreciation of New Coming Cultures

Performance Oriented Design (Hensel, 2015) in the means of architecture that reacts to its environment has strong background in traditional oriental architecture. In the same time, it is perceived as a necessity of our future. Weather extremes are expected in climatic adaptation documents of many countries, i.e. Norway, Czechia, Turkey or Canada (Czech Republic Ministry of the Environment & Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, 2015; Flæte et al., 2010; Republic of Turkey Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, 2012; Richardson, 2010) . In this settings, we need to generate environment friendly and habitable environments that gain from previously developed architectures with tradition of weather extremes. Considering the refugees’ crisis, within western world, we shouldn’t ask what we lose by accepting different cultures, but how can these cultures enrich us. Semi-interior spaces, natural ventilation, hygroscopicity, etc. has been widely used feature in the orient (Fathy, 1986; Hensel, 2011) . Such performative spaces have high significance in socio-cultural relations (Vegas, Mileto, Songel, & Noguera, 2014) . People who experienced such in everyday life can save us from the worst harms of coming environmental changes, thus gaining new identity and appreciation in their new homeland.

The ongoing series of workshops is using the methodology of Systems Oriented Design (Sevaldson, 2013) , namely GIGA-mapping (Sevaldson, 2011) , for mapping the socio-cultural as well as environment-performative potentials in oriental architecture with refugees participation for practice applications in their new countries.




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Figure 8: Mapping with Bachelor Level Students at the University of Eskişehir, Turkey; The GIGA-map is structured into several transdisciplinary topics fields that penetrate into each other. There are marked relations within and across the fields and all these relations are linked to proposed supportive solutions on the right side of the GIGA-Map (photo: Davidová 2016)


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Figure 9: Mapping with MSc. Level Students with Majorly Immigrant Backgrounds at the University of Arizona in Tucson; The GIGA-map is organized as geographical map marking countries of interest. It is in fact field map, where the topics on the images are colour coded. There are marked relations within and across the fields and countries. The most interesting and surprising relations were narratively evaluated with scenario speculation of their positive and negative development. (photo: Davidová 2016)

See also pictures from similar workshop co-held with Sevaldson at RSD 5 in OCAD University: >>>>>


[1] tutors: Marie Davidová, Šimon Prokop, Martin Kloda, students: Alena Novotná, Anna Hrušová, Antonín Hůla, Barbora Slavíčková, Jakub Kopecký, Jiří Fáber, Jiří Pokorný, Petr Tůma, Tereza Jílková, Radim Sýkora, Eliška Antonyová, Tereza Lišková, Filip Janata, Tomáš Kytka, Marie Kortanová, Vojtěch Holeček, Martin Vaníček, Jakub Hlaváček and Petr Havelka 2014







GIGA-mapping in Management

performance group


Collaboration ended 2014

This development project is addressing how to implement and use especially time line and process based GIGA-mapping as workshop tools in leader development consultancy.

The partner for this development project is

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The Performance Group merged with Rambøll in 2014

Leader of the project at TPG: Andreas Wettre.

One central question in GIGAmapping is the choice of media. Using big format paper and markers pluss labels has proven to be unchallenged in group processes with time line mapping. This creates a co-understanding of the field. But more important it makes it possible to have open ended, un planned yet very communicative and focused conversations.

Digital tools are less usable at this stage because of screen and projector resolution and because of th euse of a computer immediately sets the operator of the computer appart from the rest of the group.

When using paper, for the facilitator repeatedly handing over markers to less active group members is a very nice way to involve and create shared ownership.

The physical element in gathering around a table and drawing , writing and pointing while speaking is also a valuable effect.

The problem with paper media is off course what follows: how to keep the information alive. We are now working on a test run where designers (students) will participate in the refinement and updating of the maps tp keep them alive. We will collect experience and develop strategies for this.

Another possible way to go would be to use or create some kind of mapping tool that is digital, shared and easy to update. In our link menu you will find many software programs for this purpose. We have used them in periods, but they all suffer from one or the other shortcoming. This goes for ease of use, desirability (bad look, hierarchical build up etc.

Graduate student Elisabeth Skjelten is engaged in this project. She works closely with TPG to develop the process of GIGA-mapping in TPG. She took on the challenge of speculating about an easily updatable and dynamic map for collaboaration and created a flash dummy of a software prototype for this purpose of keeping super complex information shared and alive:


Dynamic map_elisabeth_skjelten

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