Systems and SOD-Related References

This reference list of SOD-related papers was started in 2009 and is updated occasionally. Please contact birger.sevaldson@aho.no with recommendations.


Ackoff Russel and Sheldon Rovin (2003) Redesigning Society, Stanford University Press

Alexander, C. (1964). Notes on the Synthesis of Form. Cambridge Massachusets, Harvard University Press.

Anderson, V. and L. Johnson (1997). System Thinking Basics: from concepts to Causal Loops. Waltham, Pegasus Communication INC.

Bason C. Leading Public Sector Innovation.

Bertalanffy, L. v. (1969). General System Theory. New York, George Braziller Inc.

Boyer B., Cook J.W., Steinberg Marco (2011). In Studio: Recipes for Systemic Change.

Broadman, J. and B. Sauser (2008). Systems Thinking; Coping with 21st Century Problems. Boca Raton, CRC Press.

Checkland, P. (2000). Soft Systems Methodology: a 30-year retrospective. Systems Thinking, Systems Practice. P. Checkland. Chichester, John Wiley & Sons LTD.

Checkland, P. and J. Poulter (2006). Learning for Action: A Short Definitive Account of Soft Systems Methodology and its use for Practitioners, Teachers and Students. Chichester, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Christensen, B. B. (2006). Organisasjoner som pågående samtaler.

Churchman, C. W. (1979). The Systems Approach. Revised and updated. New York: Dell Publishing Co., Inc.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996). Creativity, Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention. New York, HarperCollins.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1999). Implications of a Systems Perspecive for the Study of Creativity. Creativity Handbook. R. J. Sternberg. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Glanville Ranulph (1994). A Ship without a Rudderpsu.edu [PDF]
CybernEthics Research, Southsea, UK.

Gordon Dyer, Y3K: Beyond Systems Design as we know it, in: Res-Systemica, Vol. 2, 2002. Refering to Béla H. Banathy

Forrester, J. (1991). System Dynamics and the Lessons of 35 Years, from http://sysdyn.clexchange.org/sdep/papers/D-4224-4.pdf

Frostell, B., Å. Danielsson, et al., Eds. (2008). Sciene for Sustainable Development: The Social Challenge with Emphasis on the Conditions for Change. Uppsala, VHU.

Frostell, B. (2009). Industrial Ecology and Environmental Systems Analysis- Systems Approaches for Increased Complexity. Stockholm, KTH Royal Institute of Technology.

Gharajedaghi, J. (2006). Systems Thinking: Managing Chaos and Complexity: A Platform for Designing Business Architecture. London, Elsevier.

Gigch, J. P. and J. McIntyre-Mills, Eds. (2006). Wisdom. Knowledge and Management: A Critique and Analyses of Churchman’s Systems Approach. New York, Springer.

Gruber, H. E. (1988). “The evolving systems approach to creative work.” Creativity Research Journal 1.

Gruber, H. E. and D. B. Wallace (1999). The Case Study Method and Evolving Systems Approach for Understanding Unique Creative People at Work. Handbook of creativity. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Gunderson, L. H. and C. S. Holling, Eds. (2002). Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Washington DC, Island Press.

Gunderson, L. H. and L. P. Jr., Eds. (2002). Resilience and Behavior of Large-Scale Systems. Washington, Island Press.

Hall, A. D. (1962). A Methodology for Sytems Engineering. New York: D. van Nostrand Company Inc.

C Van Halen, C Vezzoli, R Wimmer (2005) Methodology for Product Service System Innovation: How to develop clean, clever and competitive strategies in companies

Hinte, E. v., & Tooren, M. v. (2008). First Read This: Systems engineering in practice. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers.

Jonas, W. (1996). Systems Thinking in Industrial Design. Systems Dynamics, Cambridge Massachusets, MIT.

Jonas, W. (2005). Designing in the real world is complex anyway-so what? Systemic and evolutionary process models in design. European Conference on Complex Systems Satellite Workshop: Embracing Complexity in Design, Paris.

Jordan, N. (1968). Themes in Speculative Psychology. London: Tavistock.

Maier, M. W. and E. Rechtin (2000). The Art of Systems Architecture. Boca Raton, CRC Press.

Mariussen, Å. and Å. Uhlin, Eds. (2006). Trans-national Practices, Systems Thinking in Policy Making. Stockholm, Nordregio.

Manzini E., Vezzoli C., Clark G. (2001) Product-Service Systems. Using an Existing Concept as a New Approach to Sustainability, J. of Design Research 2001 – Vol. 1, No.2

Meadows, D. (1999). “Leverage Points: Places to intervene in a System.” The Sustainable Institute, Hartland.

Meadows, D. H. (2008). Thinking in Systems. White River Junction, Chelsea Green Publishing.

Midgley, G. (2000). Systems Intervention: Philosophy, Methodology, and Practice. New York, Kluver Academic / Plenum Publishers.

Miller, J. H. and S. E. Page (2007). Complex Adaptiv Systems: An Introduction to Computational Models of Social Life. Princeton, Princeton University Press.

Nelson Harold (1993)  Learning Systems Design

Nelson Harold  (1994) The Necessity of Being “Un-disciplined” and “Out-of-Control”; Design Action and Systems Thinking

Olsson, M.-O. and G. Sjöstedt, Eds. (2004). Systems Approaches and Their Applicaitons: Examples from Sweden. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academisc Publishers.

Rechtin, E. (1999). Systems Architecting of Organisations: Why Eagles Can’t Swim. Boca Raton, Florida, CRC Press LLC.

Rittel, H., and M. Webber; “Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning” pp 155-169, Policy Sciences, Vol. 4, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Inc., Amsterdam, 1973

Sage, A. P. and J. E. J. Armstrong (2000). Introduction to Systems Engineering. New York, John Wiley & Son.

Senge, P. M., B. Smith, et al. (2008). The Necessary Revolution: How individuals and organizations are working together to create a sustainable world. New York, Doubleday.

Sevaldson, B. (2004). Designing Time: A Laboratory for Time Based Design. Future Ground, Melbourne, DRS http://www.futureground.monash.edu.au/.

Sevaldson, B. (2005). Developing Digital Design Techniques. Doctoral thesis. Oslo, Oslo School of Architecture and Design.

Sevaldson, B. (2008). “Rich Research Space.” FORM akademisk 1(1).

Sevaldson, B. (2008). A System Approach to Design Learning. Systemisches Denken und Integrales Entwerfen / System thinking and Integral Design. A. Menges. Offenbach, Präsident der Hochschule für Gestaltung Offenbach am Main.

Skyttner, L. (2005). General systems theory: problems, perspectives, practice. Hackensack, N.J., World Scientific: X, 524 s.

Størdal, J.-M. (2003). Systemarkitektur- kunsten å utvikle komplekse systemer. CIMI2003, Enkoping, Sweden.

Svedin, U. (2006). Introduction to Systems Approaches and Their Aplications. Systems Approaches and Their Aplications: Examples from Sweden. M.-O. Olsson and G. Sjöstedt. Dortrecht, Kluwer.

Tukker A., Charter M., Vezzoli C., Sto E. (2008) System Innovation for Sustainability 1: Perspectives on Radical Changes to Sustainable Consumption and Production.

Ulrich, W. (2000). “Reflective Practice in the Civil Society: the contribution of critical systemic thinking.” Reflective Practice 1(2): 247-268.

Vezzoli C., Manzini E. (2008) Design for Environmental Sustainability

Walker, B. and D. Salt (2006). Resilience Thinking. Washington, Island Press.

Weinberg, G. M. (2001). An Introduction to General Systems Thinking. New York, Dorset House.

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About Systems Oriented Design

About Systems Oriented Design

The main mission of SOD is to help designers to become better at dealing with very complex problems. Complex problems are described as problem fields, networks of problems, wicked problems and problematiques.

SOD is open source

SOD is open source

If your project corresponds to all or most of the core parameters, you are welcome to reference it as a SOD project. We would appreciate it if you send us a reference to the project and material to publish on this website.

The Mind Shifts of SOD

The Mind Shifts of SOD

We need to make several small shifts in our understanding to truly grasp systems thinking in general and to start to become systemic designers.

Testimonials: SOD & Gigamapping

Testimonials: SOD & Gigamapping

SOD testimonial – Defne Sunguroglu Hensel, PhD fellow, Oslo School of Architecture and Design, Oslo For me, systems approach has been most significant as to providing a direction towards interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary design. More specifically I use it for...



There are opportunities to collaborate with the Master's Studio at the Oslo School of Architecture. Organisations serve as test cases for the students. Collaborations offer an experience with systems oriented design, a deep analysis of the organisation as a system and...